Volume 3, Issue 2  August 2020, pp. 152–167          Download PDF

Regular Articles
Strategy use, self-efficacy beliefs, and self-regulatedness in adult foreign language learning

Akihiro Saito https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0804-33771

1 Hakuoh University, Japan akihiro.saito@gmail.com

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29140/ajal.v3n2.282


Abstract

The aim of this study was to understand adult learners’ strategy use in foreign language learning. It also explored how such strategy use relates to learners’ sense of self-efficacy, self-regulated learning, and language proficiency. Two questionnaires were administered to obtain data from 90 education majors in a Japanese university. Differences in strategy use in relation to self-efficacy, self-regulatedness, and proficiency were examined using Kruskal-Wallis H tests. Whilst some preferred and less preferred strategy items were identified, the findings suggested that possession of a high self-efficacy profile and self-regulatedness related to both greater use of language learning strategies and a higher level of language proficiency. However, a closer look detected a nuanced, important difference in the magnitude of the effect, whereby self-regulatedness may be more yielding than self-efficacy. Namely, self-regulatedness played a substantial role in differentiating use of several strategy items among different proficiency groups, whereas self-efficacy seems to play a smaller part than self-regulatedness in this respect, considering the effect sizes. Thus, this empirical study contributes to the ongoing discussion of the different roles and nature of the self-efficacy and self-regulatedness constructs in the context of language learning and teaching. Implications for language teaching are discussed, and directions for future research are suggested.



Copyright

© Akihiro Saito

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Suggested citation

Saito, A. (2020). Strategy use, self-efficacy beliefs, and self-regulatedness in adult foreign language learning. Australian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 3(2), 152–167. https://doi.org/10.29140/ajal.v3n2.282


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