Volume 2, Issue 1 April 2019, pp. 1–19 Download PDF

Regular Articles

Edward Hall ahead of his time: Deep culture, intercultural understanding, and embodied cognition

Joseph Shaules https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1703-65821

1 Juntendo University, JAPAN shaules@juntendo.ac.jp

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29140/ice.v2n1.145


This article reflects on current conceptualizations of intercultural understanding by reexamining the ideas of pioneer thinkers Marshall McLuhan and Edward Hall. It argues that common notions of intercultural understanding are reminiscent of McLuhan's ideas-as a form of advanced perception and higher forms of awareness. It will argue, however, that Hall's view-which emphasizes the importance of unconscious cultural programing and inner change-deserves more attention. Hall's view is said to concord with insights currently emerging from brain and mind sciences. Examples of ideas that support Hall's vision of intercultural understanding are discussed, including: 1) the embodied nature of culture, 2) culture and the unconscious mind; 3) the cognitive architecture of bias; 4) empathy and intercultural understanding; and 5) language and embodied simulation. It is argued that Hall's fundamental insights, combined with these more recent ideas from brain and mind sciences, can act as building blocks for new approaches to intercultural education. Implications for pedagogy are discussed.


© Joseph Shaules

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Suggested citation

Shaules, J. (2019). Edward Hall ahead of his time: Deep culture, intercultural understanding, and embodied cognition. Intercultural Communication Education, 2(1), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.29140/ice.v2n1.145

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