Volume 4, Issue 2  August 2021, pp. 137–154          Download PDF

Regular Articles
The development and validation of an intercultural competence evaluation instrument for upper secondary foreign language teaching

Esther Schat https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0448-66211, Ewout van der Knaap https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1594-29012, Rick de Graaff https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6154-72863

1 Utrecht University, NETHERLANDS e.schat1@uu.nl
2 Utrecht University, NETHERLANDS e.w.vanderknaap@uu.nl
3 Utrecht University, NETHERLANDS r.degraaff@uu.nl

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29140/ice.v4n2.432


Abstract

Intercultural competence is a crucial element of foreign language education. It is argued that the multi-faceted nature of intercultural competence implies that assessment of its construct is a complex process; as a consequence, its progress is difficult to measure. Although several tools for evaluating intercultural competence currently exist, research on their use in secondary school settings is scarce. This study reports on the development and validation of an instrument intended specifically for use in foreign language literature education. To this end, tangible learning objectives for intercultural literary competence were developed based on five dimensions of intercultural communicative competence (Byram, 1997) and six categories of literary competence (Witte, 2008). These objectives were re-formulated for implementation in a student questionnaire. Using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, the construct validity of the instrument was investigated among a sample of 164 secondary school students in the upper forms of pre-university education in the Netherlands. Although the results supported the hypothesized wo second-order factor structure, the model fit indices were less favourable compared to the fit indices of an alternative five first-order factor model. Subsequently, correlation and summability analyses were performed to test the reliability of the instrument. Future research and implications are discussed.



Copyright

© Esther Schat, Ewout van der Knaap, Rick de Graaff

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Suggested citation

Schat, E., van der Knaap, E., & de Graaff, R. (2021). The development and validation of an intercultural competence evaluation instrument for upper secondary foreign language teaching. Intercultural Communication Education, 4(2), 137–154. https://doi.org/10.29140/ice.v4n2.432


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