Volume 17, Issue 3  December 2021, pp. 325–348          Download PDF

Regular Articles
Computer-related metacognitive and self-efficacy beliefs of university students: A Japanese case study

James Saunders-Wyndham https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6551-79461, Eleanor Smith2, Travis H. Past https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9700-54543

1 Kyoto Sangyo University, JAPAN kyotojim2@gmail.com
2 Aichi University, JAPAN ellie@vega.aichi-u.ac.jp
3 Kwansei Gakuin University, JAPAN travis.past@kwansei.ac.jp

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29140/jaltcall.v17n3.427


Abstract

This pilot study tested the validity of dependent latent variable scale items to investigate the social construct of metacognitive and self-efficacy beliefs related to computer use by university students. A strong correlation between latent factors (computer anxiety and vicarious experience) resulted in a single combination of the two factors (computer anxiety). A final quantitative study outcome measured three dependent variable factors (self-efficacy, computer anxiety, and belief of benefits). This study aims to test a quantitative research instrument to develop an effective measurement of computer-related metacognitive beliefs of students. In addition, this study seeks to reveal how demographic factors influence latent variable outcomes. A sample size of 621 undergraduate students from a Japanese university took part in the research. Confirmatory factor analysis reveals a positive correlation between computer-related anxiety and self-efficacy. Results show statistically significant differences in all three dependent factors regarding the personal criteria of a) Gender, b) Computer use age (the age when participants begin using computers), and c) Computer use based on hours per day. Findings conclude that the tested instrument gives significant insights into the cognitive process of students regarding computer use. However, further research is required to develop this instrument to gain a greater understanding of student beliefs. Results could provide valuable insight into student beliefs regarding computer use, which could ultimately benefit the adaption of information communication technology (ICT) policy in education.



Copyright

© James Saunders-Wyndham, Eleanor Smith, Travis H. Past

CC  4.0
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Suggested citation

Saunders-Wyndham, J., Smith, E., & Past, T. (2021). Computer-related metacognitive and self-efficacy beliefs of university students: A Japanese case study. The JALT CALL Journal, 17(3), 325–348. https://doi.org/10.29140/jaltcall.v17n3.427


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