Volume 18, Issue 1 April 2022, pp. 83–109 Download PDF

Regular Articles

Captions and learnability factors in learning grammar from audio-visual input

Anastasia Pattemore https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2038-80171, & Carmen Muñoz https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7001-41552

1 University of Barcelona, SPAIN anastasia.plotnikova@ub.edu
2 University of Barcelona, SPAIN munoz@ub.edu

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29140/jaltcall.v18n1.564


Abstract

This study explores the effects of extensive audio-visual input with three captioning modes – unenhanced captions, textually enhanced captions, and no captions – on learning a variety of L2 grammatical constructions and examines the effects of three learnability factors: construction type, frequency, and recency. A total of 112 participants watched ten full-length TV series episodes over a period of five weeks. The study targeted 27 frequently occurring grammatical constructions categorized as fully-schematic, partially-filled, and fully-filled. The design included a pretest, an immediate posttest to measure the effects of recency, and a delayed posttest. The results indicated mixed effects of captioning: textually enhanced captions – a more salient condition – led to immediate learning outcomes while unenhanced captions resulted in higher long-term effects. A limit to the amount of different textually enhanced constructions presented in the input for effective learning is suggested. In general, unenhanced captions appear sufficient for successful grammar construction learning.



Copyright

© Anastasia Pattemore, Carmen Muñoz

CC  4.0
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Suggested citation

Pattemore, A., & Muñoz, C. (2022). Captions and learnability factors in learning grammar from audio-visual input. The JALT CALL Journal, 18(1), 83–109. https://doi.org/10.29140/jaltcall.v18n1.564


Related Articles:

EFL learners’ peer negotiations and attitudes in mobile-assisted collaborative writing
Shiou-Wen Yeh, Cheng-Ting Chen
Language Education and Assessment Published: 30 April, 2019, Volume 2(1), 41–56. Download PDF


Interculturality as collaborative identity management in language education
Claudia Borghetti
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 30 April, 2019, Volume 2(1), 20–38. Download PDF


Washback of ACTFL's Integrated Performance Assessment in an intensive summer language program at the tertiary level
Jason Martel
Language Education and Assessment Published: 31 August, 2019, Volume 2(2), 57–69. Download PDF


Critical intercultural communication education: cultural analysis and pedagogical applications
Sofia A. Koutlaki, Zohreh R. Eslami
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 29 December, 2018, Volume 1(3), 100–109. Download PDF


L2 motivation in ESP and EGP courses: An investigation of L2 motivational selves among learners of English in Saudi Arabia
Aser Nazzal K. Altalib
Australian Journal of Applied Linguistics Published: 30 April, 2019, Volume 2(1), 1–16. Download PDF


Advancing intercultural learning in world language education: Recent developments in pre-service teacher education in the U.S.
Paula Garrett-Rucks
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 29 December, 2018, Volume 1(3), 110–122. Download PDF


An investigation of learners' use of CAN and COULD
Lauren Whitty
Australian Journal of Applied Linguistics Published: 30 April, 2019, Volume 2(1), 32–46. Download PDF


Integrating multimodal technologies with VARK strategies for learning and teaching EFL presentation: An investigation into learners' achievements and perceptions of the learning process
Yow-jyy Joyce Lee
Australian Journal of Applied Linguistics Published: 30 April, 2019, Volume 2(1), 17–31. Download PDF


Teaching pragmatics: Nonnative-speaker teachers' knowledge, beliefs and reported practices
Christine Savvidou, Maria Economidou-Kogetsidis
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 30 April, 2019, Volume 2(1), 39–58. Download PDF


Factors affecting immigrants' host country language proficiency: Focusing on the differences between migrant workers and marriage-migrant women in South Korea
In Young Yang, Seongseog Park, Sungjun Lee, Byeonggon Min
Migration and Language Education Published: 30 April, 2020, Volume 1(1), 14–30. Download PDF