Volume 12, Issue 3 December 2016, pp. 153–178 Download PDF

Regular Articles

Effects of captions and subtitles on the listening process: Insights from EFL learners’ listening strategies

Kyoko Hosogoshi1

1 Kyoto Prefectural University, JAPAN hosogoshi@kpu.ac.jp

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29140/jaltcall.v12n3.206


Abstract

Captions and subtitles as a form of scaffolding for audiovisual materials has gained much attention in second or foreign language (L2) learning in recent years and various studies report their positive effects on learners’ listening comprehension. However, few attempts have been made to investigate how textual information specifically affects the listening process. The present study aims to examine the relationship between on-screen text and the listening process with special reference to L1 distinct listening strategies. A total of 114 first-year Japanese-speaking EFL learners were divided into three groups: no-text group, English caption group, and Japanese subtitle group. Each group was instructed to watch a university lecture video in English under its assigned condition and to answer a questionnaire about the listening strategies employed during the listening activity. The major findings obtained from the present study include (1) the degree of use of imagery and summarization strategies was significantly higher in the subtitle group, and (2) most of the listening strategies relevant to each listening process showed more inter-correlation in the no-text and the caption groups than in the subtitle group throughout the listening process. Pedagogical implications concerning when to use captions and subtitles for L2 listening instruction are discussed.



Copyright

© Kyoko Hosogoshi

CC  4.0
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Suggested citation

Hosogoshi, K. (2016). Effects of captions and subtitles on the listening process: Insights from EFL learners’ listening strategies. The JALT CALL Journal, 12(3), 153–178. https://doi.org/10.29140/jaltcall.v12n3.206


Related Articles:

Promoting acts of kindness on campus: Views of Chinese international students in the UK
Ming Cheng, Olalekan Adekola
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 30 April, 2022, Volume 5(1), 17–32. Download PDF


Tasks, self-efficacy, and L2 motivational self system in an online emergency EFL speaking class: A mixed-methods study
Nguyễn Nhật Quang, Phạm Nhật Linh, Nguyễn Thị Thu Hiền
The JALT CALL Journal Published: 2 April, 2022, Volume 18(1), 1–33. Download PDF


Implementing backward design to foster intercultural communicative competence in textbook-based curricula: A proposed framework for English language practitioners
Hiba B. Ibrahim
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 30 April, 2022, Volume 5(1), 1–16. Download PDF


Challenges and responses: A Complex Dynamic Systems approach to exploring language teacher agency in a blended classroom
Grace Yue Qi, Yuping Wang
The JALT CALL Journal Published: 9 April, 2022, Volume 18(1), 54–82. Download PDF


The effects of corpus use on learning L2 collocations
Yoshiho Satake
The JALT CALL Journal Published: 9 April, 2022, Volume 18(1), 34–53. Download PDF


Captions and learnability factors in learning grammar from audio-visual input
Anastasia Pattemore, Carmen Muñoz
The JALT CALL Journal Published: 9 April, 2022, Volume 18(1), 83–109. Download PDF


Chinese language learners evaluating machine translation accuracy
Li-Ching Chang
The JALT CALL Journal Published: 9 April, 2022, Volume 18(1), 110–136. Download PDF


Statistical analysis of the impact of the e-learning platform Furago on French learners’ listening skills
Albéric Derible, Éric Wiel
The JALT CALL Journal Published: 9 April, 2022, Volume 18(1), 137–161. Download PDF


Work integrated language learning: Boundary crossing, connectivity, and L2 affordances
Linda Febring, Alastair Henry
Migration and Language Education Published: 29 April, 2022, Volume 3(1), 1–22. Download PDF


YouTube for second language learning: What does the research tell us?
Gilbert Dizon
Australian Journal of Applied Linguistics Published: 30 April, 2022, Volume 5(1), 19–26. Download PDF