Volume 1, Issue 2  November 2018, pp. 45–58          Download PDF

Articles
The impact of spelling errors on trained raters' scoring decisions

Ikkyu Choi https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8281-72111, Yeonsuk Cho https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4997-61062

1 Educational Testing Service, USA ichoi001@ets.org
2 Educational Testing Service, USA ycho@ets.org

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29140/lea.v1n2.61


Abstract

Second language (L2) writing assessments seldom allow a spellchecker and often have a time limit. Naturally, test takers often submit responses with spelling errors. However, little is known about whether and how spelling errors in test taker responses affect trained raters' scoring decisions. In this study, we investigated the impact of spelling errors on trained raters' holistic evaluation of response quality. We selected 148 responses to four L2 writing tasks, and created error-free versions of the responses by correcting spelling errors in the original responses. Both the original and corrected responses were randomly assigned to trained raters, who scored the responses according to the same holistic scoring rubrics. We compared the resulting scores of original and corrected responses to gauge the impact of spelling errors. We also examined whether the impact of spelling errors varied across different task types and spelling error characteristics. The results showed that the spelling error correction led to an average of more than a half score point increase. The score gains from the error correction varied across task types and the quantity of corrected errors. These findings have multiple implications, including suggestions for rater training and assessment development.



Copyright

© Ikkyu Choi, Yeonsuk Cho

CC  4.0
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Suggested citation

Choi, I., & Cho, Y. (2018). The impact of spelling errors on trained raters' scoring decisions. Language Education & Assessment, 1(2), 45–58. https://doi.org/10.29140/lea.v1n2.61


Related Articles:

Officer reports
JALT CALL SIG
The JALT CALL Journal Published: 27 April, 2021, Volume 17(1), 72–73. Download PDF

Negotiating intercultural spaces and teacher identity in an internationalised school in Shanghai
Adam Poole
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 23 August, 2019, Volume 2(2), 59–70. Download PDF

Designing a course in intercultural education
Adrian Holliday
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 11 August, 2018, Volume 1(1), 4–11. Download PDF

(Re)imagining a course in language and intercultural communication for the 21st century
Adriana Raquel Diaz, Paul J. Moore
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 29 December, 2018, Volume 1(3), 83–99. Download PDF

Reframing and hospicing mobility in higher education: Challenges and possibilities
Adriana Raquel Diaz, Marisa Cordella, Samantha Dispray, Barbara E. Hanna, Anna Mikhaylova
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 19 April, 2021, Volume 4(1), 106–121. Download PDF

Strategy use, self-efficacy beliefs, and self-regulatedness in adult foreign language learning
Akihiro Saito
Australian Journal of Applied Linguistics Published: 26 August, 2020, Volume 3(2), 152–167. Download PDF

Engagement with technology: Gaming, immersion and sub-optimal experiences
Alastair Henry, Cecilia Thorsen
Technology in Language Teaching & Learning Published: 21 December, 2019, Volume 1(2), 52–67. Download PDF

In pursuit of intercultural competence: Exploring self-awareness of EFL pupils in a lower-secondary school in Norway
Anastasia Khanukaeva
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 23 December, 2020, Volume 3(3), 118–140. Download PDF

Language, diversity and culturally responsive education
Ann E. Lopez
Migration and Language Education Published: 30 April, 2020, Volume 1(1), 3–13. Download PDF

L2 motivation in ESP and EGP courses: An investigation of L2 motivational selves among learners of English in Saudi Arabia
Aser Nazzal K. Altalib
Australian Journal of Applied Linguistics Published: 30 April, 2019, Volume 2(1), 1–16. Download PDF