Volume 2, Issue 1  December 2020, pp. 3–21          Download PDF

Regular Articles
Engagement in PC-based, smartphone-based, and paper-based materials: Learning vocabulary through Chinese Stories

Yijen Wang https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6876-54271

1 Waseda University, Japan yijenwang79@toki.waseda.jp

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29140/tltl.v2n1.319


Abstract

Various studies have discussed learners’ attitudes and achievement in CALL and MALL (Kiernan & Aizawa, 2004; Lu, 2008; Huang & Lin, 2011, but there has been little research into a combination of these with paper-based materials to date in terms of their attitudes and the factors leading to decisions about which to use. Research has suggested that learners show generally positive attitudes towards using technology for learning, but this is not necessarily reflected in actual usage (e.g., Stockwell, 2010), and there have been few studies that have looked at all three of these methods within a single study. Thus, this study investigated 70 Japanese learners of Chinese to examine their task engagement and attitudes toward PC-based, smartphone-based, and paper-based materials designed to supplement their learning outside the classroom, as well as to identify the potential reasons behind their choice of method. All of the materials were largely the same, but the materials on the website and mobile application included several interactive activities that were not possible to replicate with the paper-based materials. The study was carried out over an eight-week period in three classes, and the learners could choose which materials to use at any point throughout the period. Data collection included weekly, pre- and post- surveys, along with interviews to determine how they framed the activities as a supplement of their courses. The results revealed that learners made informed decisions about what materials they used, with which technological difficulties, learning strategies and conditions had varying effects on engagement and attitude.



Copyright

© Yijen Wang

CC  4.0
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Suggested citation

Wang, Y. (2020). Engagement in PC-based, smartphone-based, and paper-based materials: Learning vocabulary through Chinese Stories. Technology in Language Teaching & Learning, 2(1), 3–21. https://doi.org/10.29140/tltl.v2n1.319


Related Articles:

Intercultural communicative competence and mobility: Perspectives on virtual, physical, and critical dimensions
Beatrice Dupuy, Chantelle Warner
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 19 April, 2021, Volume 4(1), 1–5. Download PDF

Should Standard Arabic have “the lion’s share?”: Teacher ideologies in L2 Arabic through the lens of pedagogical translanguaging
Mahmoud Azaz, Yousra Abourehab
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 19 April, 2021, Volume 4(1), 90–105. Download PDF

Shaping the teaching and learning of intercultural communication through virtual mobility
Theresa Catalano, Andrea Muñoz Barriga
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 19 April, 2021, Volume 4(1), 75–89. Download PDF

Multiracial Chinese American women studying abroad in China: The intersectionality of gender, race, and language learning
Wenhao Diao, Yi Wang
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 19 April, 2021, Volume 4(1), 39–55. Download PDF

Roadblocks to intercultural mobility: Indigenous students’ journeys in Colombian universities
José Aldemar Álvarez Valencia, Manuela Wagner
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 19 April, 2021, Volume 4(1), 6–21. Download PDF

Intercultural education in times of restricted travel: Lessons from the Gaza Strip
Maria Grazia Imperiale
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 19 April, 2021, Volume 4(1), 22–38. Download PDF

At the crossroads: Rethinking study abroad students’ social networking and intercultural communication in the age of globalization
Irwin Compiegne
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 19 April, 2021, Volume 4(1), 56–74. Download PDF

Reframing and hospicing mobility in higher education: Challenges and possibilities
Adriana Raquel Diaz, Marisa Cordella, Samantha Dispray, Barbara E. Hanna, Anna Mikhaylova
Intercultural Communication Education Published: 19 April, 2021, Volume 4(1), 106–121. Download PDF

Enrolled or engaged? Students’ perceptions of engagement and oral interaction in a blended learning language course
Kirsi Korkealehto, Minna Lakkala, Auli Toom
The JALT CALL Journal Published: 27 April, 2021, Volume 17(1), 1–22. Download PDF

The impact of implementing augmented reality to enhance the vocabulary of young EFL learners
Kholoud Binhomran, Sultan Altalhab
The JALT CALL Journal Published: 27 April, 2021, Volume 17(1), 23–44. Download PDF